Early Childhood: Program Planning
Instructor Name: Dr. Marrea Winnega
Facilitator Name: Aumony Dahl, M.Ed.
Office Hours: 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. PST Monday - Friday
Address: Virtual Education Software
16201 E Indiana Ave, Suite 1450
Spokane, WA 99216
Technical Support: email@example.com
Welcome to Early Childhood: Program Planning, an interactive distance learning course designed to give you a new perspective on planning and implementing developmentally appropriate practices for young children from birth through age eight. In this course you will learn what is meant by curriculum, assessment, evaluation, and program planning as these terms apply to early childhood education. We will discuss several historical perspectives and theories on child development and examine best practice for early childhood education. We will also examine key concepts and specific activities for teaching various curricular content areas, including language and literacy, mathematics and science, and the expressive arts.
This computer-based instruction course is a self-supporting program that provides instruction, structured practice, and evaluation all on your home or school computer. Technical support information can be found in the Help section of your course.
Course Materials (Online)
Title: Early Childhood: Program Planning
Instructor Name: Dr. Marrea Winnega
Facilitator Name: Aumony Dahl, M.Ed.
Publisher: Virtual Education Software, inc. 2008, Revised 2012, Revised 2015
Academic work submitted by the individual (such as papers, assignments, reports, tests) shall be the student’s own work or appropriately attributed, in part or in whole, to its correct source. Submission of commercially prepared (or group prepared) materials as if they are one’s own work is unacceptable.
Aiding Honesty in Others
The individual will encourage honesty in others by refraining from providing materials or information to another person with knowledge that these materials or information will be used improperly.
Violations of these academic standards will result in the assignment of a failing grade and subsequent loss of credit for the course.
Level of Application
course is designed as one part of a five-part series on early childhood
education. Upon completion of all five
courses, you will have covered all of the
As a result of this course, participants will demonstrate their ability to:
· Identify the general guidelines for early childhood curriculum, assessment, and evaluation as presented by NAEYC.
the key components of a developmentally appropriate practice (
· Discuss numerous ways to make adaptations, accommodations, and modifications for students with special learning needs.
· Explain the three principles for learning presented by the National Research Council (1999) that directly apply to classroom teaching for children of all ages.
· Discuss research-based positions and standards for various curricular content areas.
· Identify and plan key components of an integrated early childhood curriculum that fosters curiosity and promotes the process of inquiry.
· Describe a variety of ways to integrate language and literacy, mathematics and science, and social studies and expressive arts activities in meaningful ways throughout the early childhood curriculum.
the most current requirements for earning a
This course, Program Planning, has been divided into four chapters. The first chapter will discuss numerous considerations for planning and implementing a comprehensive, research-based curriculum for young children. Various perspectives on the history and theory behind early childhood education and child development will be examined, in addition to discussing various forms of diversity among children. We will also discuss what curriculum is, and identify guidelines presented by the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC) for appropriate curriculum for young children through eight years of age. We will take an overall look at the basic steps for creating an appropriate curriculum, planning a daily schedule, and creating lesson plans and activities for early childhood programs. In addition to focusing our attention on appropriate curricular approaches, we will touch briefly on several curricular approaches to avoid.
While the first chapter of the course provides an overview of general considerations and approaches for early childhood curriculum, assessment, and evaluation, later chapters of the course will take a more in-depth look at appropriate curriculum for various age groups such as infants & toddlers, preschoolers, and primary school children. Curricular considerations for integrating specific content areas such as language and literacy, math and science, and social studies and expressive arts will also be discussed.
Each chapter contains additional handouts or attachments that cover specific topics from the chapter in greater depth. They are provided for you to read, ponder, and apply to the early childhood education setting in which you work. Some of the topics are intended for you, as the professional, while others are intended for you to pass on to parents, when appropriate.
As a student you will be expected to:
· Complete all four information sections showing a competent understanding of the material presented in each section.
· Complete all four section examinations, showing a competent understanding of the material presented. You must obtain an overall score of 70% or higher, with no individual exam score below 50%, and successfully complete ALL writing assignments to pass this course. *Please note: Minimum exam score requirements may vary by college or university; therefore, you should refer to your course addendum to determine what your minimum exam score requirements are.
· Complete a review of any section on which your examination score was below 50%.
· Retake any examination, after completing an information review, to increase that examination score to a minimum of 50%, making sure to also be achieving an overall exam score of a minimum 70% (maximum of three attempts). *Please note: Minimum exam score requirements may vary by college or university; therefore, you should refer to your course addendum to determine what your minimum exam score requirements are.
· Complete all course journal article and essay writing assignments with the minimum word count shown for each writing assignment.
· Complete a course evaluation form at the end of the course.
Chapter One: Developing Appropriate Programs for Young Children—A Look at Curriculum, Assessment, & Evaluation
· What is curriculum?
· Curricular approaches to avoid
· NAEYC’s position on ECE curriculum, child assessment, and program planning
· Developmentally Appropriate Practice—What is it?
· Planning the ECE program—Planning the daily schedule, lesson plans and activity plans
· Making adaptations and modifications for students with special needs
Chapter Two: Developing Appropriate Programs for Young Children—A Look at Language & Literacy
· Creating the curriculum—What does research say?
· A look at Language and Literacy: oral language, written language, reading
· Language and literacy activities across the curriculum
· Curricular considerations for children with special needs: sensory, cognitive, and physical impairments, cultural considerations, giftedness
Chapter Three: Developing Appropriate Programs for Young Children—A Look at Mathematics & Science
· NCTM and NSES principles and content standards for mathematics and science
· NCTM’s curricular focal points for each age group, pre-K through 2nd grade
· Key mathematical concepts for young children: classification, ordering, counting, adding and subtracting, measurement, geometry
· Key science concepts for young children: physical science, biological science
· Assessment: A critical component of ECE and program planning
· Integrating mathematics and science activities throughout the ECE curriculum
Chapter Four: Developing Appropriate Programs for Young Children—A Look at Social Studies & Expressive Arts
· A look at social studies: historical perspectives
· National Council for Social Studies (NCSS): ten themes
· Suggestions for thematic social studies curriculum: Categories of intertwined content
· Social studies disciplines: history, geography, sociology, anthropology, economics, political science, values education
· An important social studies theme: conflict resolution
· Integrating social studies activities across the curriculum
· A look at expressive arts: art, music, movement
· A look at child development: cognitive development, social and emotional development, physical development
· Considerations for infants, toddlers, preschool, kindergarten, and primary children
· Integrating expressive arts activities across the curriculum
At the end of each course chapter, you will be expected to complete an examination designed to assess your knowledge. You may take these exams a total of three times. Your last score will save, not the highest score. After your third attempt, each examination will lock and not allow further access. The average from your exam scores will be printed on your certificate. However, this is not your final grade since your required writing assignments have not been reviewed. Exceptionally written or poorly written required writing assignments, or violation of the academic integrity policy in the course syllabus, will affect your grade. As this is a self-paced computerized instruction program, you may review course information as often as necessary. You will not be able to exit any examinations until you have answered all questions. If you try to exit the exam before you complete all questions, your information will be lost. You are expected to complete the entire exam in one sitting.
All assignments are reviewed and may impact your final grade. Exceptionally or poorly written assignments, or violation of the Academic Integrity Policy (see course syllabus for policy), will affect your grade. Fifty percent of your grade is determined by your writing assignments, and your overall exam score determines the other fifty percent. Refer to the Essay Grading Guidelines which were sent as an attachment with your original course link. You should also refer to the Course Syllabus Addendum which was sent as an attachment with your original course link, to determine if you have any writing assignments in addition to the Critical Thinking Questions (CTQ) and Journal Article Summations (JAS). If you do, the Essay Grading Guidelines will also apply.
Your writing assignments must meet the minimum word count and are not to include the question or your final citations as part of your word count. In other words, the question and citations are not to be used as a means to meet the minimum word count.
Critical Thinking Questions
There are four CTQs that you are required to complete. You will need to write a minimum of 500 words (maximum 1,000) per essay. You should explain how the information that you gained from the course will be applied and clearly convey a strong understanding of the course content as it relates to each CTQ. To view the questions, click on REQUIRED ESSAY and choose the CTQ that you are ready to complete; this will bring up a screen where you may enter your essay. Prior to course submission, you may go back at any point to edit your essay, but you must be certain to click SAVE once you are done with your edits.
You must click SAVE before you write another essay or move on to another part of the course.
Journal Article Summations
You are required to write, in your own words, a summary on a total of three peer-reviewed or scholarly journal articles (one article per JAS), written by an author with a Ph.D., Ed.D. or similar, on the topic outlined within each JAS section in the “Required Essays” portion of the course (blogs, abstracts, news articles or similar are not acceptable). Your article choice must relate specifically to the discussion topic listed in each individual JAS. You will choose a total of three relevant articles (one article per JAS) and write a thorough summary of the information presented in each article (you must write a minimum of 200 words with a 400 word maximum per JAS). Be sure to provide the URL or the journal name, volume, date, and any other critical information to allow the facilitator to access and review each article.
To write your summary, click on REQUIRED ESSAYS and choose the JAS that you would like to complete. A writing program will automatically launch where you can write your summary. When you are ready to stop, click SAVE. Prior to course submission you may go back at any point to edit your summaries but you must be certain to click SAVE once you are done with your edits. For more information on the features of this assignment, please consult the HELP menu.
You must click SAVE before you write another summary or move on to another part of the course.
Early Childhood: Program Planning has been developed by Aumony Dahl, MS/ED, the instructor of record. Aumony received her Master’s degree in Exceptional Children from Western Washington University. She is certified to teach in K-12 Special Education with an additional endorsement in Early Childhood Special Education. Aumony began her career working as an elementary special education teacher for several years. She is currently an instructor in the Special Education Department at Western Washington University—teaching a variety of classes on topics related to early childhood special education, students with complex special needs, assessment and evaluation, and program planning. Aumony also enjoys her role as a supervisor for practicum students who are training to become teachers. In addition to this course, Aumony is the author of another course in this Early Childhood series called Early Childhood: Family-Centered Services.
Dr. Marrea Winnega, is a Licensed Clinical Psychologist with 20 years of experience in the field of Autism Spectrum Disorders. Currently, she is an Assistant Professor of Clinical Psychology in the University of Illinois at Chicago Department of Psychiatry. She consults for schools and agencies serving individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders, including Asperger’s Disorder. She has also conducted numerous workshops, in-services, and trainings throughout the United States. Please contact Professor Dahl if you have course content or examination questions.
You may contact the facilitator by emailing Professor Dahl at firstname.lastname@example.org or calling her at 509-891-7219, Monday through Friday, 8:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. PST. Phone messages will be answered within 24 hours. Phone conferences will be limited to ten minutes per student, per day, given that this is a self-paced instructional program. Please do not contact the instructor about technical problems, course glitches or other issues that involve the operation of the course. Please contact Professor Dahl if you have course content or examination questions.
If you have questions or problems related to the operation of this course, please try everything twice. If the problem persists please check our support pages for FAQs and known issues at www.virtualeduc.com and also the Help section of your course.
If you need personal assistance then email email@example.com or call (509) 891-7219. When contacting technical support, please know your course version number (it is located at the bottom left side of the Welcome Screen) and your operating system, and be seated in front of the computer at the time of your call.
Minimum Computer Requirements
Please refer to VESi’s website: www.virtualeduc.com or contact VESi if you have further questions about the compatibility of your operating system.
Refer to the addendum regarding Grading Criteria, Course Completion Information, Items to be Submitted and how to submit your completed information. The addendum will also note any additional course assignments that you may be required to complete that are not listed in this syllabus.
Arnold, L. (1980). Preparing young children for science. New York: Schocken.
Bennett-Armistead, V.S., Duke, N.K, & Moses, A.M. (2005). Literacy and the youngest learner: Best practices for educators of children from birth to 5. New York, NY: Scholastic.
Bredekamp, S., & Copple, C. (2009). Developmentally appropriate practice in early childhood programs serving children from birth through age 8 (3rd ed.). Retrieved from http://www.naeyc.org/store/node/162
Calkins, L (1986). The art of teaching writing. Exeter, NH: Heinemann. New York: Longman.
Chaille, C., & Britain, L. (1997). The young child as scientist: A constructivist approach to early childhood science education (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Harper Collins.
Clay, M. (1998). By different paths to common outcomes. York, ME: Stenhouse.
Colbert, C. (1997). Visual arts in the developmentally appropriate integrated curriculum. In C. Hart, D. Burts, & R. Charlesworth (Eds.), Integrated curriculum and developmentally appropriate practice. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
DEC/NAEYC. (2009). Early childhood inclusion: A joint position statement of the Division for Early Childhood (DEC) and the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC). Retrieved from DEC website: http://www.dec-sped.org/papers
Dickinson, D.K., & Neuman, S.B. (Eds.). (2005). Handbook of early literacy research. Volume 2. New York, NY: Guilford.
Division for Early Childhood. (2014). DEC recommended practices in early intervention/early childhood special education 2014. Retrieved from http://www.dec-sped.org/recommendedpractices
Epstein, A.S. (2007). The intentional teacher: Choosing the best strategies for young children’s learning. Washington, DC: NAEYC.
Gabbard, C. (1992). Lifelong motor development. Dubuque, IA: Brown.
Good, R. (1977). How children learn science. New York, NY: Macmillan.
International Reading Association (IRA). (2004). Preschool Literacy Collection (five books). Newark, DE: Author.
Jones, E., & Nimmo, J. (1994). Emergent curriculum. Washington, DC: National Association for the Education of Young Children.
Kostelnik, M., Soderman, A., & Whiren, A. (1999). Developmentally appropriate curriculum: Best practices in early childhood education. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill.
Kreidler, W. (1984). Creative conflict resolution. Glenview, IL: Scott Foresman.
Krogh, S., & Slentz, K. (2001). The early childhood curriculum. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Morrow, L. (1993). Literacy development in the early years. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
NAEYC Position Statement on Developmentally Appropriate Practice (2009). Available at http://www.naeyc.org/positionstatements/dap
National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC). (1998). Learning to read and write: Developmentally appropriate practices for young children. Young Children, 53(4)30-46.
Neuman, S.B., Copple, C., & Bredekamp, S. (2000). Learning to read and write: Developmentally appropriate practices for young children. Washington, DC: NAEYC.
Raths, L. Harmin, M., & Simon, S. (1966). Values and teaching. Columbus, OH: Merrill.
Roskos, K.A., Tabors, P.O., & Lenhart, L.A. (2009). Oral language and early literacy in preschool. Newark, DE: International Reading Association.
Schirrmacher, R. (1998). Art and creative development for young children. Albany, NY: Delmar.
Sunal, C. (1990). Early childhood social studies. Columbus, OH: Merrill.
Tabors, P.O. (2008). One child, two languages: A guide for early childhood educators of children learning English as a second language (2nd ed.). Baltimore, MD: Brookes.
Taylor, B. (1999). Science everywhere: Opportunities for very young children. Orlando, FL: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
Joint position statement of the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC) and the National
Center for Parent Information and Resources (2014), http://www.parentcenterhub.org/
Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM). Adopted in 2002. Updated in 2010.
Joint position statement: “Learning to Read and Write: Developmentally Appropriate Practices for Young Children”(1998) is available online at http://www.naeyc.org/positionstatements/learning_readwrite
National Arts Education Association, http://www.arteducators.org/
National Association for the Education of Young Children, http://www.naeyc.org/
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, http://www.nctm.org/
National Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center, http://ectacenter.org/
National Education Association, http://www.nea.org/
National Research Council, http://www.nationalacademies.org/nrc/
National Science Education Standards, http://www.nsta.org/publications/nses.aspx
U.S. Department of Education, http://www.ed.gov/
Course content is updated every three years. Due to this update timeline, some URL links may no longer be active or may have changed. Please type the title of the organization into the command line of any Internet browser search window and you will be able to find whether the URL link is still active or any new link to the corresponding organization's web home page.