Assessing Student Learning in the Classroom
Instructor Name: Dr. Karen Lea
Office Hours: 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. PST Monday - Friday
Address: Virtual Education Software
16201 E Indiana Ave, Suite 1450
Spokane, WA 99216
Technical Support: email@example.com
Welcome to Educational Assessment: Assessing Student Learning in the Classroom! Curriculum, instruction, and assessment work together to support student learning. Students are provided with opportunities to learn the skills, concepts, and work-study practices necessary to be successful in classrooms. Assessments measure student progress toward the standards, help teachers identify each student's instructional needs, and inform parents about what and how their child is learning. The assessments also help to gauge how well schools are supporting the achievement of all students.
However, no matter how many assessments there are, without educators able to use assessments, those assessments are worthless. As educators, we must know how to conduct the assessment, interpret the data, and develop priorities for action. We also must take into account data from other sources, notably the parents and psychologists. We then have to put all this information into some organized format and make the information clear to colleagues and parents.
In order to do this, we have to bring our skills and knowledge about the subject matter into play while answering these questions:
• What is the prerequisite knowledge for this area of the curriculum?
• How important is the particular area?
• Would having a "less than very high" level of competence in one area predispose the child to failure in other areas?
• How much time should be spent on a particular topic?
• Should we consider an alternative area?
This computer-based instruction course is a self-supporting program that provides instruction, structured practice, and evaluation all on your home or school computer. Technical support information can be found in the Help section of your course.
Instructor: Dr. Karen Lea
Publisher: Virtual Education Software, inc. 2005, Revised 2010, Revised 2013, Revised 2016, Revised 2019
Academic work submitted by the individual (such as papers, assignments, reports, tests) shall be the student’s own work or appropriately attributed, in part or in whole, to its correct source. Submission of commercially prepared (or group prepared) materials as if they are one’s own work is unacceptable.
Aiding Honesty in Others
The individual will encourage honesty in others by refraining from providing materials or information to another person with knowledge that these materials or information will be used improperly.
Violations of these academic standards will result in the assignment of a failing grade and subsequent loss of credit for the course.
Assessment of learning is a complex process and it is important to be clear about the purpose of the assessment. At the conclusion of this course students will be able to:
· Articulate the purpose and types of educational assessments
· Create high quality assessments for the classroom
This course will cover many areas and topics on educational assessment. The following is an outline of the topics that will be discussed in each chapter of the course.
Chapter 1: Overview
History of education assessment
What is educational assessment
Common Core and assessments
ELL and Special Needs Students
Chapter 2: Formative vs. Summative
Chapter 3: Types of Formative Assessments
Chapter 4: Feedback & Writing Questions
As a student you will be expected to:
· Complete all four information sections showing a competent understanding of the material presented in each section.
· Complete all four section examinations, showing a competent understanding of the material presented. You must obtain an overall score of 70% or higher, with no individual exam score below 50%, to pass this course. *Please note: Minimum exam score requirements may vary by college or university; therefore, you should refer to your course addendum to determine what your minimum exam score requirements are.
· Complete a review of any section on which your examination score was below 50%.
· Retake any examination, after completing an information review, to increase that examination score to a minimum of 50%, making sure to also be achieving an overall exam score of a minimum 70% (maximum of three attempts). *Please note: Minimum exam score requirements may vary by college or university; therefore, you should refer to your course addendum to determine what your minimum exam score requirements are.
· Complete a course evaluation form at the end of the course.
At the end of each chapter, you will be expected to complete an examination designed to assess your knowledge. You may take these exams a total of three times. Your last score will save, not the highest score. After your third attempt, each examination will lock and not allow further access. Your final grade for the course will be determined by calculating an average score of all exams. This score will be printed on your final certificate. As this is a self-paced computerized instruction program, you may review course information as often as necessary. You will not be able to exit any examinations until you have answered all questions. If you try to exit the exam before you complete all questions, your information will be lost. You are expected to complete the entire exam in one sitting.
Karen Lea holds a Ph.D. in education, has TEFL certification, and is Project Management Professional certified. Dr. Lea has fifteen years’ experience teaching at the K–12 level and another seventeen years’ experience teaching education and leadership courses at the undergraduate and post-graduate levels. Currently she is an Assessment Developer at Western Governor's University. Dr. Lea has been professionally published over fifteen times and has served on more than a dozen panels and boards, including serving on the NCATE (CAEP) Board of Examiners.
If you have questions or problems related to the operation of this course, please try everything twice. If the problem persists please check our support pages for FAQs and known issues at www.virtualeduc.com and also the Help section of your course.
If you need personal assistance then email firstname.lastname@example.org or call (509) 891-7219. When contacting technical support, please know your course version number (it is located at the bottom left side of the Welcome Screen) and your operating system, and be seated in front of the computer at the time of your call.
Minimum Computer Requirements
Please refer to VESi’s website: www.virtualeduc.com or contact VESi if you have further questions about the compatibility of your operating system.
Refer to the addendum regarding Grading Criteria, Course Completion Information, Items to be Submitted and how to submit your completed information. The addendum will also note any additional course assignments that you may be required to complete that are not listed in this syllabus.
Bibliography (suggested reading)
Alexander, H. (2015). Developing effective assessment: Strategies for success. Griffith University Good Practice Guide.
Babchik, B. (2012). Teaching students test strategies. United Federation of Teachers. Retrieved from http://www.uft.org/teacher-teacher/teaching-students-test-strategies
Black, P., & Wiliam, D. (1998). Inside the black box: Raising standards through classroom assessment. Phi Delta Kappan, 80(2), 139–148.
Black, P., & Wiliam, D. (2004). The formative purpose: Assessment must first promote learning. In M. Wilson (Ed.), Towards coherence between classroom assessment and accountability (Chapter 2). Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Brady, L., & Kennedy, K. (2012). Assessment and reporting (4th ed.). French Forrest (Sydney), Australia: Pearson.
Brame, C. J. (2015). Writing good multiple choice test questions. Retrieved from http://cft.vanderbilt.edu/guides-sub-pages/writing-good-multiple-choice-test-questions/
Carnegie Mellon Eberly Center. (2015). Whys & hows of assessment. Retrieved from https://www.cmu.edu/teaching/assessment/basics/formative-summative.html
Cimpian, J. (2018, April 23). How our education system undermines gender equity: And why culture change—not policy—may be the solution. Brookings. Retrieved from https://www.brookings.edu/blog/brown-center-chalkboard/2018/04/23/how-our-education-system-undermines-gender-equity/
Cohen, L. G., & Spencimer, L. J. (2011). Assessment of children and youth with special needs (4th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson/Allyn & Bacon.
Cohen, P. D. (2019). Infuse your formative assessment with tech. Scholastic. Retrieved from https://www.scholastic.com/teachers/articles/17-18/formative-assessments-with-tech/
Common Core Initiatives. (2015). Frequently asked questions. Retrieved from http://www.corestandards.org/about-the-standards/frequently-asked-questions/
Common Core State Standards Initiative. (2019). Myths vs. facts. Retrieved from http://www.corestandards.org/about-the-standards/myths-vs-facts/
Computing Technology for Math Excellence. (2015). Standardized test preparation and tips for success. Retrieved from http://www.ct4me.net/standardized_test_preparation.htm
Concordia University. (2015). Summative assessment: What teachers need to know. Retrieved from http://education.cu-portland.edu/blog/teaching-strategies/summative-assessment-what-teachers-need-to-know/
Conley, D. T. (2014). A new era for educational assessment. Students at the Center: Deeper Learning Research Series. Boston, MA: Jobs for the Future.
Damiani, V. B. (2015). Portfolio assessment in the classroom. National Association of School Psychologists. Retrieved from http://www.academia.edu/6801980/The_Students_Portfolio_as_An_Alternative_Assessment_Tool
Darling-Hammond, L., & Adamson, F. (2010). Beyond basic skills: The role of performance assessment in achieving 21st century standards of learning. Stanford, CA: Stanford University, Stanford Center for Opportunity Policy in Education.
Darling-Hammond, L., & Wentworth, L. (2010). Benchmarking learning systems: Student performance assessment in international context. Stanford, CA: Stanford University, Stanford Center for Opportunity Policy in Education.
Drexel University Center for Academic Excellence. (2015). Designing fair and effective assessment plans.
D’Youville College. (2015). What is educational & programmatic assessment? Retrieved from http://www.dyc.edu/academics/pharmacy/assessment/about.aspx
eLearning Coach. (2015). Tips for writing matching format test items. Retrieved from http://theelearningcoach.com/elearning_design/writing-matching-test-items/
Engageny. (2019). Educator guide to the 2019 grades 3-8 English language arts tests. Retrieved from https://www.engageny.org/resource/test-guides-english-language-arts-and-mathematics
Erban, T., Ban, R., & Casteneda, M. (2009). Teaching English language learners through technology. New York, NY: Routledge.
Fenner, D. S. (2016, February). Fair and square assessments for ELLs. Educational Leadership, 73(5). Retrieved from http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational-leadership/feb16/vol73/num05/Fair-And-Square-Assessments-for-ELLs.aspx
Fisher, D., & Frey, N. (2007). Checking for understanding: Formative assessment techniques for your classroom. Alexandria, VA: ASCD.
Association of Educators. (2018). Code of
ethics on standardized testing. Retrieved from https://www.gapsc.com/Ethics/CodeOfEthics.aspx
Gewertz, C. (2014). Big year looms for Common-Core testing. Education Week. Retrieved from http://www.edweek.org/ew/articles/2014/09/03/03assessment.h34.html
Hattie, J., & Temperley, H. (2015). The power of feedback. Review of Educational Research, 77(1), 81–112.
Hoover, I. (2013). Linking assessment to instruction in multi-tiered models: A teacher's guide to selecting, reading, writing, and mathematics interventions. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall.
Innovation in Teaching and Learning. (2015). Retrieved from https://citl.illinois.edu/citl-101/measurement-evaluation/teaching-evaluation/teaching-evaluations-(ices)
Kansas State University. (2015). Is this a trick question? Retrieved from http://www.k-state.edu/ksde/alp/resources/Handout-Module6.pdf
Lane, S. (2010). Performance assessment: The state of the art. (SCOPE Student Performance Assessment Series). Stanford, CA: Stanford University, Stanford Center for Opportunity Policy in Education.
Mathewson, T. G. (2017). States will soon be free to transform standardized testing, but most won’t. The Hechinger Report. Retrieved from https://hechingerreport.org/states-will-soon-free-transform-standardized-testing-wont/
National Council of Teachers of English. (2013, October 21). Formative assessment that truly informs instruction. Retrieved from http://www.ncte.org/library/NCTEFiles/Resources/Positions/formative-assessment_single.pdf
National Foundation for Educational Research. (2012). Assessment. Retrieved from https://www.nfer.ac.uk/
Nitko, A. J., & Brookhart, S. M. (2011). Educational assessment of students (6th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall.
Overton, T. (2012). Assessing learners with special needs: An applied approach (7th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.
Parvis, S. (2012). Effective assessment of students determining responsiveness to instruction. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.
Pierangelo, R. A., & Giulianu, G. A. (2013). Assessment in special education: A practical approach (4th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.
Reddy, K. (2019). Summative evaluation – top 22 advantages and disadvantages. Wise Step. Retrieved from https://content.wisestep.com/advantages-disadvantages-summative-evaluation/
Royal, K. D., & Guskey, T. R. (2015). On the appropriateness of norm- and criterion-referenced assessments in medical education. Ear, Nose & Throat Journal, 94(7), 252–254.
Salvia, J., Ysseldyke, J. E., & Bolt, S. (2013). Assessment in special and inclusive education (12th ed.). Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin.
Sparks, S. D. (2018). Getting feedback right: A Q&A with John Hattie. Education Week. Retrieved from https://www.edweek.org/ew/articles/2018/06/20/getting-feedback-right-a-qa-with-john.html
Special Connections. (2015). Choosing and using accommodations: IEP team considerations. Lawrence, KS: Special Connections, University of Kansas. Retrieved from http://www.specialconnections.ku.edu/?q=instruction/instructional_accommodations/teacher_tools/choosing_and_using_accommodations_iep_team_considerations
Spinelli, C. G. (2010). Linking assessment to instructional strategies: A guide for teachers. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.
Spinelli, C. G (2012). Classroom assessment for students in special education (3rd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.
Smith, T. E .C, Polloway, E. A. & Patton,J. R. (2011). Teaching students with special needs in inclusive settings. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill/Pearson.
Swigard, A. (2014). Preparing English learners for the Common Core. Southeast Education Network. Retrieved from https://www.seenmagazine.us/Articles/Article-Detail/ArticleId/3808/PREPARING-ENGLISH-LEARNERS-FOR-THE-COMMON-CORE
TEAL Center. (2010). Metacognitive processes. Washington, DC: American Institutes for Research. Available at http://teal.ed.gov
The IRIS Center for Training Enhancements. (2004). Classroom assessment (part 1): An introduction to monitoring academic achievement in the classroom. Retrieved from http://iris.peabody.vanderbilt.edu/module/gpm/
The Learning Management Corporation. (2015). Writing effective questions. Retrieved from http://www.thelearningmanager.com
Thome, C. (2013). Bringing the common core state standards to life in the classroom. Retrieved from https://www.learninga-z.com/commoncore
Ujifusa, A. (2019). Map: Tracking the common core state standards. Education Week, 36(11), 16. Retrieved from https://www.edweek.org/ew/section/multimedia/map-states-academic-standards-common-core-or.html
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University of North Carolina. (2015). Designing test questions. Retrieved from https://ars.unc.edu/resources/universal-design-ideas-faculty
Vaughn, S., Bos, C. S., & Schumm, J. S. (2011). Teaching students who are exceptional diverse and at-risk students in the general education classroom (5th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson Education.
Wiggins, G. (2012). Seven keys to effective feedback. Educational Leadership, 70(1), 10–16.
Wood, K. D., & Taylor, D. B. (2016). Smuggling writing: Strategies that get students to write every day in every content area. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
tool for creating rubrics: http://rubistar.4teachers.org/index.php
Course content is updated every three years. Due to this update timeline, some URL links may no longer be active or may have changed. Please type the title of the organization into the command line of any Internet browser search window and you will be able to find whether the URL link is still active or any new link to the corresponding organization's web home page.