Understanding Aggression:

Coping with Aggressive Behavior in the Classroom

 

Instructor Name:          Dr. Karen Lea

Phone:                         509-891-7219

Office Hours:               8 a.m. to 5 p.m. PST Monday - Friday

Email:                          karen_lea@virtualeduc.com

Address:                      Virtual Education Software

                                    16201 E Indiana Ave, Suite 1450

                                    Spokane, WA 99216

Technical Support:       support@virtualeduc.com

                                                                                                                                                                                   

Introduction

This course is about violence in America, about the aggression in our schools, classrooms, streets, homes and elsewhere. The course speaks to the hate, the fights, the anger, the crimes committed and the victims in our schools and society. It is a course about students, children, teenagers, adults and neighbors, all of us.

 

The course will consider the many forms of aggression, both criminal and otherwise; its costs and motivation; its perpetrators and targets; its likely and unlikely locations; its impact on our schools, the children; and, most especially, its several causes and promising solutions.

 

Topics of interest will include violence and the challenge of raising and working with children; aggression in our classrooms; American youth gangs and their influence; past and future sports violence; “hot spot” locations of frequent violence; and the aggression-promoting role of alcohol, temperature, driving, television and other features of modern life. The course also will answer questions such as:  Is aggression always bad? How do aggressive thoughts lead to aggressive actions? Is aggression, at least for some people, an addiction? Does the victim contribute to being attacked? Is dating a dangerous proposition? How are the acts of aggression dealt with in other countries, and are there any lessons for America?

 

The goal of this course is to help educators and adults in general better understand how aggression affects our lives and the lives of children. Hopefully such greater understanding and more skilled efforts at prevention will substantially reduce the aggression and violence that has become all too common in America’s schools.

 

This computer-based instruction course is a self-supporting program that provides instruction, structured practice, and evaluation all on your home or school computer.  Technical support information can be found in the Help section of your course.

 

Course Materials (Online)

Title:                Understanding Aggression: Coping with Aggressive Behavior in the Classroom      

Instructor:        Dr. Karen Lea

Publisher:         Virtual Education Software, inc. 2002, Revised 2008, Revised 2010, Revised 2013, Revised 2016, Revised 2019

                                                                                                                                                                                   

Academic Integrity Statement

The structure and format of most distance-learning courses presume a high level of personal and academic integrity in completion and submission of coursework. Individuals enrolled in a distance-learning course are expected to adhere to the following standards of academic conduct.

 

Academic Work

Academic work submitted by the individual (such as papers, assignments, reports, tests) shall be the student’s own work or appropriately attributed, in part or in whole, to its correct source. Submission of commercially prepared (or group prepared) materials as if they are one’s own work is unacceptable.

 

Aiding Honesty in Others

 The individual will encourage honesty in others by refraining from providing materials or information to another person with knowledge that these materials or information will be used improperly.

 

Violations of these academic standards will result in the assignment of a failing grade and subsequent loss of credit for the course.

 

Level of Application

This course is designed to be an informational course with application to work or work-related settings.  The intervention strategies are informational and not to be used without proper training and administrative approval.

 

Expected Learning Outcomes

As a result of this course, participants will demonstrate their ability:

1)      To review the history of aggression and how society came to be such an aggressive place

2)      To identify the causes of aggressive behavior, both internal and external

3)      To explain how aggression is expressed in various social settings such as schoolyards, classrooms, sports, homes, etc.

4)      To identify perpetrators and victims of aggression and violence

5)      To identify locations of high aggression and violence

6)      To provide solutions for reducing aggression and violence in classroom and other school settings

7)      To provide information on how educators can help students/children reduce feelings of aggression and violent tendencies

                                                                                                                                                                                   

Course Description

The course, Understanding Aggression, has been divided into four chapters and five to ten exercises within each chapter. The first chapter reviews the history of aggression in America. It explains how we (the country) got to where we are in terms of aggression and violence. The chapter discusses the cost of aggression. It asks the question: Is America Safe? It discusses whether aggression is always bad. The chapter concludes with odds and ends and aggression in general.

 

The second chapter deals with how we have learned to be aggressive. It discusses how aggressive thoughts many times become aggressive actions. The course reviews the “us versus them” side of aggression and violence. Chapter 2 also deals with how alcohol, temperature and driving can increase aggression and violence. The chapter reviews the role of television and how TV may be a tutor for violent behavior. Is high aggression often found in people who tend to have low empathy? This chapter will discuss this issue. The chapter will also cover how words and teasing can be expressions and forms of aggression.

 

The third chapter centers on aggression and violence as crimes. It explores arson, assault and crimes of fear. The chapter also will discuss vigilante justice and/or injustice. Along with criminal aggression the chapter takes a look at guns and gangs in America’s schools; how bullying affects our schools and classrooms; how dress can affect acts of aggression and violence in schools and society. The chapter speaks to sexual harassment and the aggression involved with acts of harassment. There are also several sections on aggression and violence in the home, parental fighting and how this affects children in the home.

 

Chapter 4 speaks to working with and raising children to resist violence. It gives suggestions to educators and parents on how to deal with and counteract aggressive or violent behavior, but educators should not use these interventions without training and administrative approval. This chapter deals with dating, and how it can be impacted by aggressive behavior and date violence. It speaks to how television affects the aggressive behavior of our children. The chapter reviews child tantrums, and what to do about them. Chapter 4 is summarized with several exercises on win-win scenarios for remediation and effective problem solving techniques.

 

The chapters and exercises are sequential and, although it is not required, they should be completed in the order in which they are presented in the program.   After completing these four chapters you should have a framework for understanding and working with aggressive behavior. This also may help you understand why students with high aggression are a challenge in a regular education setting.

 

After you complete each chapter of the course, an examination will be used to evaluate your knowledge and ability to apply what you’ve learned. An explanation of the examinations will be given later in this syllabus.
 

Student Expectations 

As a student you will be expected to:

·         Complete all four information sections showing a competent understanding of the material presented in each section.

·         Complete all four section examinations, showing a competent understanding of the material presented.  You must obtain an overall score of 70% or higher, with no individual exam score below 50%, to pass this course.  *Please note: Minimum exam score requirements may vary by college or university; therefore, you should refer to your course addendum to determine what your minimum exam score requirements are.

·         Complete a review of any section on which your examination score was below 50%.

·         Retake any examination, after completing an information review, to increase that examination score to a minimum of 50%, making sure to also be achieving an overall exam score of a minimum 70% (maximum of three attempts). *Please note: Minimum exam score requirements may vary by college or university; therefore, you should refer to your course addendum to determine what your minimum exam score requirements are.

·         Complete a course evaluation form at the end of the course.

                                                                                                                                                                                   

Chapter 1: Introduction & Characteristics

·         Introduction

·         How Did We Get Here?

·         The Costs of Aggression

·         Is Aggression Always Bad?

·         America, the Safe

 

Chapter 2: Behaviors & Techniques

·         Learning to Be Aggressive

·         Us Versus Them

·         Aggressive Thoughts and Aggressive Actions

·         Low Empathy, High Aggression

·         Television as a Tutor:  Aggression 101

·         Alcohol and Aggression:  Courage in a Bottle

·         Does the Victim Help Cause Violence?

·         Words That Hurt

·         Hot Days, Hot Tempers

·         Auto Aggression

·         Jump! Jump! The Suicide-baiting Crowd

 

Chapter 3: Acts & Forms of Violence

·         The Journey to Crime

·         Other Acts of Aggression

·         Vigilante Injustice

·         Fear of Crime

·         The Home & Family

·         Sports Violence:  Past, Present & Future

·         Play Fighting & Real Fighting – Is there a Connection?

·         The Ride to & Through School:  Safe or Scary?

·         Teaching Prosocial Behavior to Antisocial Youth

·         A Short Course on Gangs

 

Chapter 4: Preventing Violence

·         Raising Children to Resist Violence

·         Tantrums

·         Nonaggressive Children From Aggressive Environments

·         Dating as a Dangerous Game

·         Let’s Both Calm Down, Then We’ll Talk

·         Take my Wife, Please

·         Why Is Aggression so Hard to Change?

·         Downsizing Deviance

·         Complex Problems Demand Complex Solutions

·         A Look to the Future

                                                                                                                                                                                   

Examinations

At the end of each chapter, you will be expected to complete an examination designed to assess your knowledge. You may take these exams a total of three times. Your last score will save, not the highest score.  After your third attempt, each examination will lock and not allow further access.  Your final grade for the course will be determined by calculating an average score of all exams.  This score will be printed on your final certificate.  As this is a self-paced computerized instruction program, you may review course information as often as necessary. You will not be able to exit any examinations until you have answered all questions. If you try to exit the exam before you complete all questions, your information will be lost. You are expected to complete the entire exam in one sitting.

                                                                                                                                                                                   

Instructor Description

Karen Lea holds a Ph.D. in education, has TEFL certification, and is Project Management Professional certified. Dr. Lea has fifteen years’ experience teaching at the K–12 level and another seventeen years’ experience teaching education and leadership courses at the undergraduate and post-graduate levels. Currently she is an Assessment Developer at Western Governor's University.  Dr. Lea has been professionally published more than fifteen times and has served on over a dozen panels and boards, including serving on the NCATE (CAEP) Board of Examiners                                                                                                                                                                         

Contacting the Instructor

You may contact the instructor by emailing karen_lea@virtualeduc.com or by calling (509) 891-7219 Monday through Friday. Calls made during office hours will be answered within 24 hours. Phone conferences will be limited to ten minutes per student, per day, given that this is a self-paced instructional program. Please do not contact the instructor about technical problems, course glitches, or other issues that involve the operation of the course.

                                                                                                                                                                                   

Technical Questions

If you have questions or problems related to the operation of this course, please try everything twice. If the problem persists please check our support pages for FAQs and known issues at www.virtualeduc.com and also the Help section of your course.

 

If you need personal assistance then email support@virtualeduc.com or call (509) 891-7219.  When contacting technical support, please know your course version number (it is located at the bottom left side of the Welcome Screen) and your operating system, and be seated in front of the computer at the time of your call. 

                                                               

Minimum Computer Requirements

Please refer to VESi’s website: www.virtualeduc.com or contact VESi if you have further questions about the compatibility of your operating system.

                                                                                                                                                                                   

Refer to the addendum regarding Grading Criteria, Course Completion Information, Items to be Submitted and how to submit your completed information. The addendum will also note any additional course assignments that you may be required to complete that are not listed in this syllabus.

                                                                                                                                                                                   

Bibliography (Suggested Readings)

 

ASPCA. (2016). Dogfighting FAQ. Retrieved from http://aspcapro.org/resource/disaster-cruelty-animal-cruelty-animal-fighting/dogfighting-faq

  

Buehler, C. (2019). How marital conflict affects children. National Stepfamily Resource Center. Retrieved from http://www.stepfamilies.info/articles/how-marital-conflicts-affect-children.php

 

Carroll, J., & Weaver, F. (1986). Shoplifters’ perceptions of crime opportunities: A process-tracing study. In D. B. Cornish & R. V. G. Clarke (Eds.), The reasoning criminal (Chapter 2). New York, NY: Springer-Verlag.

 

Cozens, P. (2018). Shoplifting in small stores: A qualitative case study in Perth, Western Australia. In V. Cecato & R. Armitage (Eds.), Retail crime (pp. 155–177). Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-73065-3_7

 

Criswell, P. K. & Martini, A.  (2016) Stand up for yourself and your friends. Middleton,     

             WI: American Girl Publishing. Recognize bullying and be prepared to handle it (grades 3–7).   

 

Cuddy, E., & Reeves, R. V. (2014, November 6). Hitting kids: American parenting and physical punishment. Brookings. Retrieved from https://www.brookings.edu/research/hitting-kids-american-parenting-and-physical-punishment/

 

Federal Bureau of Investigation. (2016). Crime in the United States. Washington DC.

 

Fields, R. D. (2018, November 12). Inside the mind of an arsonist. Psychology Today. Retrieved from https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/the-new-brain/201811/inside-the-mind-arsonist

 

Fields, Douglas. (2016). Why We snap: Understanding the rage circuit in the brain.  New York: NY. Penguin Books.  Understanding the brain and how aggression occurs (grades K–12).     

 

Goldstein, A. (1999). The prepare curriculum: Teaching prosocial competencies. Champaign, IL: Research Press.

 

Greene, Ross. (2014). The explosive child.  New York, NY: HarperCollins. Ideas for understanding and working with inflexible children and explosive situations (grades K–8).

 

Gwinnett Clean and Beautiful. (2016). Graffiti facts and figures. Retrieved from http://www.gwinnettcb.org/resources/facts-figures/graffiti-facts-figures/

 

Handel, S. (2013). The us vs them mentality: How group thinking can irrationally divide us. http://www.theemotionmachine.com/the-us-vs-them-mentality-how-group-thinking-can-irrationally-divide-us/

 

Harris, R. J., & Barlett, C. P. (2009). Effects of sex in the media. In J. Bryant & M. B. Oliver (Eds.), Media effects: Advances in theory and research (3rd ed., pp. 304–324). New York, NY: Taylor & Francis.

 

Hofman, D. (2016). Canadian Graduate Journal of Sociology and Criminology, 5(1) [Entire issue]. doi:10.15353/cgjsc-rcessc.v5i1.159

Hoy, L., & Griffin, T. (2016). What’s good about anger? Amazon Publishing Group—Create Space. Dealing with hostility, bullying and aggression (grades K–12). 

 

Inderbitzen, M. L., Bates, K. A., & Gainey, R. R. (2017). Deviance and social control: A sociological perspective. Los Angeles, CA: Sage.

 

Krahe, B. (2013). The social psychology of aggression. London, UK: Psychology Press.

 

Krygsman, A., & Vaillancourt, T. (2019). Peer victimization, aggression, and depression symptoms in preschoolers. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 47, pp. 62–73. https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/early-childhood-research-quarterly/vol/47/suppl/C

 

Mann, L. (1981). The baiting crowd in episodes of threatened suicide. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 41(4), 703–709.

 

Meter, D., Ehrenreich, S. E., & Underwood, M. K. (2019). Relations between parent psychological control and parent and adolescent social aggression. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 28(1), pp. 140–151. doi:10.1007/s10826-018-1240-z

 

National Association for Shoplifting Prevention. (2014). Shoplifting statistics. Retrieved from http://www.shopliftingprevention.org/what-we-do/learning-resource-center/statistics/

 

National Association for Shoplifting Prevention. (2018). Psychological studies. Retrieved from http://www.shopliftingprevention.org/what-we-do/learning-resource-center/psychological-studies/

 

National Center for Education Statistics. (2016). Fast facts, bullying. Retrieved from https://nces.ed.gov/fastfacts/display.asp?id=719

 

National Center for Education Statistics. (2017). Fast facts: School crime. Retrieved from https://nces.ed.gov/fastfacts/display.asp?id=49

 

Nauert, R. (2018). Marital troubles may have long-term effect on kids. Psych Central. Retrieved  from http://psychcentral.com/news/2012/06/15/marital-troubles-may-have-long-term-effect-on-kids/40210.html

 

Nelsen, Jane, et al. (2013).  Positive Discipline Series. Empowering People Inc. Danvers, MA: Crown. Create cooperation and self-discipline in students (grades K–12).

 

Oliver, R., & Amendola, M. (2015). Teaching prosocial skills. PowerPoint. Retrieved from http://www.cibhs.org/sites/main/files/file-attachments/feb09_300-430_oliver-amendola_intro.tps_.model_handout_0.pdf

 

Oregon Social Learning Center. (2017). Competence in early development. Retrieved from https://www.oslc.org/publication/competence-in-early-development/

 

Payne, R. (2013). A framework for understanding poverty. Highlands, TX: Aha! Process.  Understanding poverty and its impact on people (grades K–12).

 

Purcell, M., & Murphy, J. (2014). Mindfulness for teen anger. Oakland, CA: New Harbinger. How to help teens gain control of emotions (grades 6–12). 

 

Pyrooz, D. C., & Sweeten, G. (2015). Gang membership between ages 5 and 17 years in the United States. Journal of Adolescent Health, 56(4), 414–419. doi:10.1016/j.jdohealth.2014.11.018

 

Security Intelligence. (2018). Global cost of cybercrime exceeded $600 billion in 2017, report estimates. Retrieved from https://securityintelligence.com/news/global-cost-of-cybercrime-exceeded-600-billion-in-2017-report-estimates/

 

Sedler, M. (2006). When to speak up and when to shut up. Grand Rapids, MI: Chosen Books.

 

Segrave, K. (2001). Shoplifting: A social history. Jefferson, NC: McFarland.

 

Serisier, T. (2017). Sex crimes and the media. In Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice. doi:10.1093/acrefore/9780190264079.013.118

Silver, N. (2015, June 18). Black Americans are killed at 12 times the rate of people in other developed countries. FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved from https://fivethirtyeight.com/datalab/black-americans-are-killed-at-12-times-the-rate-of-people-in-other-developed-countries/

 

Sporer, K. (2019). Aggressive children with mental illness: A conceptual model of family-level outcomes. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. doi:10.1177/0886260516641283

Tremblay, R. E. (2019). Sex differences in the development of physical aggression: An intergenerational perspective and implications for preventive interventions. Infant Mental Health Journal, 40(1), 129–140. doi:10.1002/imhj.21760

Wang, J., Wu, X., & Chong, D. (2019). Different mechanisms of moral disengagement as multiple mediators in the association between harsh parenting and adolescent aggression. Personality and Individual Differences, 139(1), 24–27.

 

Wiseman, R. (2016). Queen bees and wannabes. Danvers, MA: Crown. Understanding cliques, gangs, and bullying with girls (grades 7–12).  

 

Course content is updated every three years. Due to this update timeline, some URL links may no longer be active or may have changed. Please type the title of the organization into the command line of any Internet browser search window and you will be able to find whether the URL link is still active or any new link to the corresponding organization's web home page.

 

3/14/19 JN